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ColdFusion: Article

Handling Recursion

Handling Recursion

Recursion is a wonderfully geeky word that comes from the Latin word recursio, meaning "to run back."

A recursive procedure (or function, or subroutine) is a procedure that calls itself to do part of the work. The ancients showed the concept of recursion as a snake eating itself.

For a more modern consideration, here's what the dictionary says:

recursion (ri-'ker-zhen) : see recursion

[insert groan here] Recursion in ColdFusion is often done by means of a custom tag. The technique itself is very helpful and can provide functionality that would be difficult to achieve if we didn't have it.

A Case for Recursion
I want to take a look at this technique this month, since it's a topic that often frustrates, even frightens, developers. Let's examine an application written for the megacorporation FuseboxersRus. They've decided to create a human resources application to help the many Fuseboxers that work for the company. They want sections related to employee benefits, company information, internal job openings, and training opportunities.

After discussions and prototyping, we determine that the application will have a simple two-tier architecture. The home circuit will be HumanResources. Underneath it will be circuits for Benefits, Fuse-boxersRus, Openings, and Training (see Figure 1).

Further, while each section should have its own home page, the HR department wants an application home page to look like Figure 2. This single home page, generated by the fuseaction HumanResources.main, actually needs information from each circuit. The stock quote will come from the FuseboxersRus circuit, the job openings from Openings, the training opportunities from Training, and the benefits from Benefits.

Using Recursion to Eliminate Duplicate Code
Duplicating code in both home and individual circuits is bad technique. Instead, let's have each circuit respond to fuseactions specifically designed to return information to the home circuit. For the stock quote the Company circuit responds to the fuseaction request, Company.stock-Quote. The job openings will be handled by Jobs.random3. The fuseaction, Training.upcoming, will provide the information on training opportunities, and we'll get a list of random benefits by executing the fuseaction Benefits.random5 (see Figure 3).

With cases like this - and there are many such cases in creating real-world applications - the best method is to call the application recursively. In effect, we want to suspend processing of the current fuseaction for a moment while we ask the application to return the information we need to complete the waiting fuseaction.

We can do just that with Fusebox 3. Listing 1 is a snippet from the FBX_ Switch.cfm file in the home circuit.

Each <cfmodule> call spawns a separate process, giving us the effect of suspending the original fuseaction while we go out and get the needed information.

The code for the fuseaction is straightforward. The only thing different about it is that it returns information in the caller scope, which is needed so that custom tags can communicate with the pages that called them. If we have code that will be invoked both through a custom tag and normally, this code snippet (placed in the home circuit's FBX_Settings.cfm file) will automatically adjust the scope of the code:

<cfif Fusebox.isCustomTag>
<cfset Scope = "Caller">
<cfset Scope = "Variables">
The variable Fusebox.isCustomTag is part of the application programming interface provided by Fusebox 3. Using this technique you can create applications that are more powerful, tidier, and require less code.

[This article is excerpted from the book Discovering Fusebox, by Hal Helms and John Quarto-vonTivadar.]

More Stories By Hal Helms

Hal Helms is a well-known speaker/writer/strategist on software development issues. He holds training sessions on Java, ColdFusion, and software development processes. He authors a popular monthly newsletter series. For more information, contact him at hal (at) halhelms.com or see his website, www.halhelms.com.

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