|By Chip Temm||
|October 13, 2007 08:15 PM EDT||
Early releases of Cold Fusion (under Allaire) focused on the Windows market and it was common to include example Access databases. It was common for entry-level developers to take this example to heart and build systems on Access back-ends. One didn't have to install, set up, admin, or most importantly pay for anything. With the beta release of ColdFusion 8, Adobe is providing support for an array of open source databases. Now using PostgreSQL, MySQL, or Apache Derby (formerly IBM Cloudscape) has been made that simpler for CF developers since JDBC drivers for all of them are included. Any of these solutions can be used for the free distribution of databases on either Windows or *nix. The same can't be said of Access. Adobe has made moving to open source more convenient by including Derby in the base install of Scorpio. It will now likely become common for systems to be distributed with Derby databases because of their operating system independence, royalty-free distribution, small footprint, and ease of installation. This article attempts to help early adopters try Derby out with ColdFusion 8.
Apache Derby is a pure Java database that supports almost all of the SQL-92 standard. It fits in about 2MB of memory, a nice efficient footprint for memory-constrained environments like mobile applications (or your desktop masquerading as a server). With ColdFusion it runs on J2SE 1.6 and the shipping driver is a native protocol, a pure Java (level 4) driver. There are two flavors of Derby: embedded and network. Simply put, embedded is a direct-connect (you have to run it in the same JVM as the code connecting to it), single-client database while network adds networking and multi-client support.
The Embedded Database
Once you install Scorpio and find your way to the Data Sources section of the Administrator, you'll see four Derby Embedded example databases (and zero Access databases). The example databases are installed in /ColdFusion8/db. (Note: File references in this article assume that ColdFusion is installed at the root of your filesystem. If you're on Windows, the default install path is C:\ColdFusion8 and the references below should be changed accordingly.)
One of these examples is the CFBookClub database. One can query this database in the same way as any other in ColdFusion, using the CFQuery, CFQueryParam, CFStoredProc, and CFProcParam tags. Create a new page called testDatabase.cfm in your webroot and code:
<cfquery name="test" datasource="cfbookclub" >
from app.books books
inner join app.authors authors on books.authorid=authors.authorid
where authors.lastname =
<cfqueryparam cfsqltype="cf_sql_varchar" value="Miro" />
<cfdump var="#test#" />
Run it and you should see CF8's new query dump format which gives you metadata about the query including execution time.
Creating Embedded Databases
To create a new embedded database, enter the directory where you want the database files kept. Do not create a new directory yourself and then browse to it. Select or enter the directory you'd like to contain the database subdirectory. Now write the subdirectory name you'd like after this. For example, Browse to "C:\ColdFusion8\db\" then enter "mytestdatabase" in the entry box. The Database Folder field now reads "C:\ColdFusion8\db\mytestdatabase". (Figure 1)
If you're creating a new Derby database, open the Advanced tab and enter 'create=true' in the Connection String field. If the directory specified already exists and doesn't contain a Derby database, datasource creation will fail writing an error 'XBM0J' to the Derby log file (in /ColdFusion8/logs). (Figure 2)
It's not great interface design to have the file browser come up to help you locate the target directory when the activity fails if the directory already exists and doesn't contain a Derby database. The only time this will work is when you point to a directory that does contain a Derby database. If you want to create a datasource for a Derby database someone has given you, you can point the file browser at the directory that contains it. You must still open the Advanced tab and enter 'create=true' in the Connection String field. (Figure 3)
The ColdFusion server doesn't seem to like to let go of Derby embedded databases once you connect to them. Restarting the CF service is very slow after creating and verifying the new embedded Derby database. This is a bit problematical since it currently appears that the Advanced Options "Maintain connections across client requests," "Timeout," and "Interval" don't work: connections are maintained indefinitely. Restarting the server is the only way to release a connection. You can't have multiple connections open to an embedded database, so you can't use other tools (such as Eclipse or ij, discussed below) to work with it while running your CF application. This is one of many good reasons to think about using Derby Network instead.
Creating Network Databases
Creating a Derby network database is just as easy. First start up the Derby server: "java -jar /ColdFusion8/lib/derbynet.jar -start." Now go to CF Administrator and create a new Derby client datasource. There's currently a bug in this dialog, so in the Advanced/Connection String box, you'll have to start with a semicolon ";create=true" to get it to work. Hit submit and your new database directory will be created in the same directory in which the server started up (/ColdFusion8/lib). There's nothing to say that you have to run the Derby server on the same box as CF, in fact if you want your app to scale across multiple servers it's better not to.
Installing a Derby Network Server
While CF8 ships with the latest Derby (10.2.2), Adobe's not going to notify you when new features or minor patches come out. You'll have to go to Apache to keep up-to-date. (http://db.apache.org/derby/derby_downloads.html.) Download the latest version and unpack it on the server of your choice. Set the JAVA_HOME environment variable to the location of your Java runtime. If you want to use the runtime shipping with the CF server (JavaSE 1.6) to try this out, run 'set JAVA_HOME = [coldfusion install dir]\runtime' (Windows) or 'export JAVA_HOME="[coldfusion install dir]/runtime"' (*nix). (If you're smart and installing this on another machine, you should have downloaded the latest JRE from Sun and installed it there already.) Navigate to the Derby bin subdirectory and run the setNetworkServerCP script, which adds Derby's info to your CLASSPATH environment variable then run the startNetworkServer script. Scripts are included for *nix and Windows. Your Derby server will now tell you that it's listening on port 1527 and is ready to accept connections. When you use the ColdFusion Datasources dialog to tell the Derby server to make new databases (with the create=true directive), Derby will create new subdirectories in its startup directory (/Derby/bin directory) by default. When you want to stop your new server - you guessed it, run stopNetworkServer.
Things are changing so quickly in IoT that it would take a wizard to predict which ecosystem will gain the most traction. In order for IoT to reach its potential, smart devices must be able to work together. Today, there are a slew of interoperability standards being promoted by big names to make this happen: HomeKit, Brillo and Alljoyn. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Adam Justice, vice president and general manager of Grid Connect, will review what happens when smart devices don’t work togethe...
Mar. 29, 2017 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,708
SYS-CON Events announced today that SoftLayer, an IBM Company, has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. SoftLayer, an IBM Company, provides cloud infrastructure as a service from a growing number of data centers and network points of presence around the world. SoftLayer’s customers range from Web startups to global enterprises.
Mar. 29, 2017 03:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,225
SYS-CON Events announced today that CA Technologies has been named “Platinum Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CA Technologies helps customers succeed in a future where every business – from apparel to energy – is being rewritten by software. From ...
Mar. 29, 2017 02:30 PM EDT Reads: 2,280
SYS-CON Events announced today that Technologic Systems Inc., an embedded systems solutions company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Technologic Systems is an embedded systems company with headquarters in Fountain Hills, Arizona. They have been in business for 32 years, helping more than 8,000 OEM customers and building over a hundred COTS products that have never been discontinued. Technologic Systems’ pr...
Mar. 29, 2017 02:30 PM EDT Reads: 3,820
SYS-CON Events announced today that Auditwerx will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Auditwerx specializes in SOC 1, SOC 2, and SOC 3 attestation services throughout the U.S. and Canada. As a division of Carr, Riggs & Ingram (CRI), one of the top 20 largest CPA firms nationally, you can expect the resources, skills, and experience of a much larger firm combined with the accessibility and attent...
Mar. 29, 2017 02:30 PM EDT Reads: 695
SYS-CON Events announced today that HTBase will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. HTBase (Gartner 2016 Cool Vendor) delivers a Composable IT infrastructure solution architected for agility and increased efficiency. It turns compute, storage, and fabric into fluid pools of resources that are easily composed and re-composed to meet each application’s needs. With HTBase, companies can quickly prov...
Mar. 29, 2017 02:15 PM EDT Reads: 3,269
SYS-CON Events announced today that Loom Systems will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Founded in 2015, Loom Systems delivers an advanced AI solution to predict and prevent problems in the digital business. Loom stands alone in the industry as an AI analysis platform requiring no prior math knowledge from operators, leveraging the existing staff to succeed in the digital era. With offices in S...
Mar. 29, 2017 01:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,757
Buzzword alert: Microservices and IoT at a DevOps conference? What could possibly go wrong? In this Power Panel at DevOps Summit, moderated by Jason Bloomberg, the leading expert on architecting agility for the enterprise and president of Intellyx, panelists peeled away the buzz and discuss the important architectural principles behind implementing IoT solutions for the enterprise. As remote IoT devices and sensors become increasingly intelligent, they become part of our distributed cloud enviro...
Mar. 29, 2017 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 7,912
SYS-CON Events announced today that T-Mobile will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. As America's Un-carrier, T-Mobile US, Inc., is redefining the way consumers and businesses buy wireless services through leading product and service innovation. The Company's advanced nationwide 4G LTE network delivers outstanding wireless experiences to 67.4 million customers who are unwilling to compromise on ...
Mar. 29, 2017 11:45 AM EDT Reads: 2,584
SYS-CON Events announced today that Infranics will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Since 2000, Infranics has developed SysMaster Suite, which is required for the stable and efficient management of ICT infrastructure. The ICT management solution developed and provided by Infranics continues to add intelligence to the ICT infrastructure through the IMC (Infra Management Cycle) based on mathemat...
Mar. 29, 2017 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 3,452
SYS-CON Events announced today that Interoute, owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Interoute is the owner-operator of one of Europe's largest networks and a global cloud services platform which encompasses 12 data centers, 14 virtual data centers and 31 colocation centers, with connections to 195 add...
Mar. 29, 2017 10:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,742
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudistics, an on-premises cloud computing company, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Cloudistics delivers a complete public cloud experience with composable on-premises infrastructures to medium and large enterprises. Its software-defined technology natively converges network, storage, compute, virtualization, and management into a ...
Mar. 29, 2017 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,353
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Lachapelle, CEO of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), will provide an overview of various initiatives to certifiy the security of connected devices and future trends in ensuring public trust of IoT. Eric Lachapelle is the Chief Executive Officer of the Professional Evaluation and Certification Board (PECB), an international certification body. His role is to help companies and individuals to achieve professional, accredited and worldw...
Mar. 29, 2017 08:45 AM EDT Reads: 954
In his General Session at 16th Cloud Expo, David Shacochis, host of The Hybrid IT Files podcast and Vice President at CenturyLink, investigated three key trends of the “gigabit economy" though the story of a Fortune 500 communications company in transformation. Narrating how multi-modal hybrid IT, service automation, and agile delivery all intersect, he will cover the role of storytelling and empathy in achieving strategic alignment between the enterprise and its information technology.
Mar. 29, 2017 08:00 AM EDT Reads: 7,568
Microservices are a very exciting architectural approach that many organizations are looking to as a way to accelerate innovation. Microservices promise to allow teams to move away from monolithic "ball of mud" systems, but the reality is that, in the vast majority of organizations, different projects and technologies will continue to be developed at different speeds. How to handle the dependencies between these disparate systems with different iteration cycles? Consider the "canoncial problem" ...
Mar. 29, 2017 06:00 AM EDT Reads: 9,081
The Internet of Things is clearly many things: data collection and analytics, wearables, Smart Grids and Smart Cities, the Industrial Internet, and more. Cool platforms like Arduino, Raspberry Pi, Intel's Galileo and Edison, and a diverse world of sensors are making the IoT a great toy box for developers in all these areas. In this Power Panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, panelists discussed what things are the most important, which will have the most profound e...
Mar. 29, 2017 04:00 AM EDT Reads: 15,133
Keeping pace with advancements in software delivery processes and tooling is taxing even for the most proficient organizations. Point tools, platforms, open source and the increasing adoption of private and public cloud services requires strong engineering rigor - all in the face of developer demands to use the tools of choice. As Agile has settled in as a mainstream practice, now DevOps has emerged as the next wave to improve software delivery speed and output. To make DevOps work, organization...
Mar. 29, 2017 03:45 AM EDT Reads: 2,190
My team embarked on building a data lake for our sales and marketing data to better understand customer journeys. This required building a hybrid data pipeline to connect our cloud CRM with the new Hadoop Data Lake. One challenge is that IT was not in a position to provide support until we proved value and marketing did not have the experience, so we embarked on the journey ourselves within the product marketing team for our line of business within Progress. In his session at @BigDataExpo, Sum...
Mar. 29, 2017 03:30 AM EDT Reads: 3,273
Web Real-Time Communication APIs have quickly revolutionized what browsers are capable of. In addition to video and audio streams, we can now bi-directionally send arbitrary data over WebRTC's PeerConnection Data Channels. With the advent of Progressive Web Apps and new hardware APIs such as WebBluetooh and WebUSB, we can finally enable users to stitch together the Internet of Things directly from their browsers while communicating privately and securely in a decentralized way.
Mar. 29, 2017 03:00 AM EDT Reads: 6,110
DevOps is often described as a combination of technology and culture. Without both, DevOps isn't complete. However, applying the culture to outdated technology is a recipe for disaster; as response times grow and connections between teams are delayed by technology, the culture will die. A Nutanix Enterprise Cloud has many benefits that provide the needed base for a true DevOps paradigm.
Mar. 29, 2017 01:15 AM EDT Reads: 2,550